Brazil National Flag History

Nov 4th, 2018


In November 1889, Brazil’s official name became the Federative Republic of Brazil. It is located in South America by the Atlantic Ocean and consists of 3.2 million square miles. Brazil is the largest country in South America. The city of Brasilia serves as the federal capital.


Brazil adopted an official flag in November 1889 shortly after its Proclamation of the Republic that ended the monarchy of the Empire of Brazil. The flag was designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis, and Décio Villares. Mendes and Reis were philosophers, Lemos was an astronomer and Villares was a painter.


The meanings assigned to the flag design include the following:


*     Blue Orb: The sky as it was observed in Rio de Janeiro on the day of the Proclamation of the Republic

*     “Ordem e Progresso”: Order and Progress

*     Stars (27 total): Each star represents a state in Brazil and the Federal District


The original design had 21 stars but the flag was modified as new states were created. One star was added in 1960 and one in 1968, and four were added in 1992.


Like the United States, Brazil has a protocol for retiring tattered flags. Federal law 5,700 was enacted in 1971. It dictates that all flags that are no longer suitable for display must be taken to a military facility. Each year on November 19th, Flag Day, special ceremonies are held to retire the flags by burning them.


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