Greece National Flag

Feb 8th, 2019


Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is located in Southern and Southeast Europe and consists of 50,949 square miles. It borders the Balkan Peninsula and has a coastline of 8,498 miles. The city of Athens serves as the capital of the country. Greece, as it is commonly known, declared independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1821. Even so, it was not recognized as an independent country until 1830.


The current official national flag of Greece was adopted in 1978. The same flag design was originally adopted in 1822 and was displayed until 1833 when King Otto took control of the country. It was again adopted in 1969 and displayed until 1970 due to changes in government and ruling parties.


The commonly held meanings assigned to the flag design include the following:


*     Blue and White: The colors of Greece’s sky and the sea

*     Blue and White Stripes (9 total): The syllables in the Greece motto “Freedom or Death” in the Greek language. Another theory is that the nine stripes symbolize the 9 mythological muses of the country – they are the goddesses of art, literature, and science

*     White: Respect for the orthodox church and the pure intentions of revolutionists

*     Cross: Eastern Orthodox Christianity – the established Greek religion


The law in Greece dictates that civilians can only display the national flag on certain days. Those days include those that are specified by the ministry of internal affairs and sporting events and other occasions similar to that.


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